AskDefine | Define down

Dictionary Definition

down adj
1 being or moving lower in position or less in some value; "lay face down"; "the moon is down"; "our team is down by a run"; "down by a pawn"; "the stock market is down today" [ant: up]
2 becoming progressively lower; "the down trend in the real estate market" [syn: down(a)]
3 understood perfectly; "had his algebra problems down" [syn: down pat(p), mastered]
4 extending or moving from a higher to a lower place; "the down staircase"; "the downward course of the stream" [syn: down(a), downward(a)]
5 out; "two down in the last of the ninth" [syn: down(p)]
6 lower than previously; "the market is depressed"; "prices are down" [syn: depressed, down(p)]
7 shut; "the shades were down"
8 cut down; "the tree is down" [syn: cut, cut down]
9 not functioning (temporarily or permanently); "we can't work because the computer is down"
10 low in spirits; "lonely and blue in a strange city"; "depressed by the loss of his job"; "a dispirited and resigned expression on her face"; "downcast after his defeat"; "feeling discouraged and downhearted" [syn: blue, depressed, dispirited, down(p), downcast, downhearted, down in the mouth, low, low-spirited]
11 the fractional price paid in cash at time of purchase; "the down payment"; "a payment of $200 down"

Noun

1 soft fine feathers [syn: down feather]
2 (American football) a complete play to advance the football; "you have 4 downs to gain 10 yards"
3 English physician who first described Down's syndrome (1828-1896) [syn: John L. H. Down]
4 (usually plural) a rolling treeless highland with little soil
5 fine soft dense hair (as the fine short hair of cattle or deer or the wool of sheep or the undercoat of certain dogs) [syn: pile] adv
1 spatially or metaphorically from a higher to a lower level or position; "don't fall down"; "rode the lift up and skied down"; "prices plunged downward" [syn: downwards, downward, downwardly] [ant: up, up, up, up]
2 away from a more central or a more northerly place; "was sent down to work at the regional office"; "worked down on the farm"; "came down for the wedding"; "flew down to Florida" [ant: up]
3 paid in cash at time of purchase; "put ten dollars down on the necklace"
4 from an earlier time; "the story was passed down from father to son"
5 to a lower intensity; "he slowly phased down the light until the stage was completely black" [ant: up]
6 in an inactive or inoperative state; "the factory went down during the strike"; "the computer went down again"

Verb

1 drink down entirely; "He downed three martinis before dinner"; "She killed a bottle of brandy that night"; "They popped a few beer after work" [syn: toss off, pop, bolt down, belt down, pour down, drink down, kill]
2 eat immoderately; "Some people can down a pound of meat in the course of one meal" [syn: devour, consume, go through]
3 bring down or defeat (an opponent)
4 shoot at and force to come down; "the enemy landed several of our aircraft" [syn: shoot down, land]
5 cause to come or go down; "The policeman downed the heavily armed suspect"; "The mugger knocked down the old lady after she refused to hand over her wallet" [syn: knock down, cut down, push down, pull down]
6 improve or perfect by pruning or polishing; "refine one's style of writing" [syn: polish, refine, fine-tune]

User Contributed Dictionary

see Down

English

Etymology

  • Cognate with dune, town, Middle Dutch dune "sandy hill," Old English dun "hill," Old Irish dun "hill, fort." Note the second syllable of London, Verdun, etc. From .

Pronunciation

  • /daʊn/, /daUn/
  • Rhymes with: -aʊn

Adverb

down
  1. From a higher position to a lower one; downwards.
    • The cat jumped down from the table.
    • Their prices are going down.
  2. South (as south is at the bottom of typical maps).
    • I went down to Miami for a conference.
  3. (Hiberno English) Away from the city (even if the location is to the North).
    • He went down to Cavan. Down on the farm. Down country.
  4. Into a state of non-operation.
    • The computer has been shut down.
    • They closed the shop down.''
  5. Traditional term for the direction leading away from the principal terminus, away from milepost zero.

Translations

from a high to a low position, downwards
  • Chinese: (xià)
  • Czech: dolů
  • Danish: ned, nedad
  • Dutch: beneden
  • Esperanto: malsupren, suben
  • Finnish: alas, alaspäin
  • French: à bas, en bas
  • German: runter, herunter
  • Greek: κάτω (cáto)
  • Hebrew: מטה (mat'a)
  • Hungarian: le
  • Japanese: に (した に, shitá ni)
  • Maltese: baxx
  • Polish: w dół, do dołu
  • Portuguese: abaixo, para baixo.
  • Russian: ниже, вниз
  • Scottish Gaelic: sìos, a-bhuas, a-stàd, a-bhàn
  • Slovene: spodaj
  • Spanish: abajo
  • Swedish: ned, ner
south
  • Danish: ned
  • Dutch: beneden
  • Esperanto: suden
  • French: sud
  • Japanese: に (みなみ に, minami ni)
  • Maltese: isfel
  • Scottish Gaelic: deas
  • Slovene: južno
away from the city
  • Esperanto: malurben
into a state of non-operation
  • Danish: nede
  • Dutch: uit, af
  • French: casse, non-marche
away from principal terminus in railroads
  • Japanese: 下りの (くだり の, kudari no)

Preposition

down
  1. From one end to another; especially, from a higher end to a lower.
    • The ball rolled down the hill.
    • The bus went down the street.
    • They walked down the beach holding hands.

Translations

from one end to another

Adjective

  1. Depressed, feeling low.
    So, things got you down? / Is Rodney Dangerfield giving you no respect? / Well, bunky, cheer up!
  2. On a lower level than before.
    The stock market is down.
    Prices are down.
  3. With "on", negative about, hostile to
    Ever since Nixon, I've been down on Republicans.
  4. With "with", relaxed about, accepting of
    I'm down with him hanging with us.

Translations

depressed
on a lower level than before
  • Danish: lav, nedadgående, aftagende
  • Dutch: laag
  • Esperanto: malsupra, suba
  • German: unten
  • Russian: снижающийся

Noun

  1. Soft, fluffy immature feathers which grow on young birds. Used as insulating material in duvets, sleeping bags and jackets.
  2. In the context of "usually plural": Field, especially for racing.
  3. In the context of "usually plural": Hill, rolling grassland (such as "Churchill Downs", "Upson Downs" from Auntie Mame, by Patrick Dennis).
  4. In the context of "fb": A single play, from the time the ball is snapped (the start) to the time the whistle is blown (the end) when the ball is down, or is downed.
    • I bet after the third down, the kicker will replace the quarterback on the field.

Translations

soft, immature feathers
  • Danish: dun
  • Dutch: dons
  • Esperanto: lanugo
  • Finnish: untuva
  • German: Daune
  • Greek: πούπουλα (poópoola)
  • Polish: puch
  • Russian: пух (pux)
  • Scottish Gaelic: clòimh , clòimhteach
  • Slovene: puh
  • Swedish: dun
hill, rolling grassland
  • Danish: højdedrag
  • Dutch: heuvel
  • German: Hügel
  • Greek: λοφάκι (lofáki)
field, especially for racing
  • Danish: bane
  • Dutch: veld, baan
American football – a single play
  • Dutch: down, ronde, kwart

Derived terms

Verb

  1. To drink or swallow, especially without stopping before the vessel containing the liquid is empty.
  2. To pot a ball.
  3. To drop.

Translations

to drink or swallow
to pot a ball
  • Dutch: potten
  • German: versenken
to drop
  • Danish: tabe, lade falde
  • Dutch: laten vallen, droppen
  • French: laisser tomber
  • German: fallen lassen
  • Kurdish: daxistin, dahanîn, daketin, dahatin

Etymology

From English down.

Pronunciation

  • /daʊn/

Adjective

nl-adj pred

Synonyms

German

Etymology

From English down.

Adjective

  1. Down, depressed.

Extensive Definition

Down may refer to:
  • Down (game theory), a standard position in mathematical game theory
  • Down (film), an English remake of the film De Lift, about an express elevator that develops a mind of its own
  • Down (comics), a comic book published by Top Cow Productions
  • Down (novel), a Bernice Summerfield novel by Lawrence Miles
  • Down payment, a term used in the context of the purchase of items
  • Down quark, an elementary constituent of matter

Music

down in German: Down
down in Spanish: Down
down in Esperanto: Down
down in French: Down
down in Korean: 다운
down in Italian: Down
down in Dutch: Down
down in Japanese: ダウン
down in Norwegian: Down
down in Portuguese: Down
down in Finnish: Down
down in Swedish: Down

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

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